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              【無錫市翻譯協會】34年翻譯經驗/專業級翻譯服務【無錫市翻譯協會】34年翻譯經驗/專業級翻譯服務

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              2021年無錫市第14屆英語翻譯比賽決賽試題和參考譯文

              瀏覽: 2539發布: 2021-12-15

                

              無錫市第十四屆英語翻譯比賽決賽

              (本科組)

               

              一、英譯中

              How Should One Read a Book?

              It is simple enough to say that since books have classesfiction, biography, poetrywe should separate them and take from each what it is right that each should give us. Yet few people ask from books what books can give us. Most commonly we come to books with blurred and divided minds, asking of fiction that it shall be true, of poetry that it shall be false, of biography that it shall be flattering, of history that it shall enforce our own prejudices. If we could banish all such preconceptions when we read, that would be an admirable beginning. Do not dictate to your author; try to become him. Be his fellow-worker and accomplice. If you hang back, and reserve and criticize at first, you are preventing yourself from getting the fullest possible value from what you read. But if you open your mind as widely as possible, then signs and hints of almost imperceptible fineness, from the twist and turn of the first sentences, will bring you into the presence of a human being unlike any other. Steep yourself in this, acquaint yourself with this, and soon you will find that your author is giving you, or attempting to give you, something far more definite. The thirty-two chapters of a novelif we consider how to read a novel firstare an attempt to make something as formed and controlled as a building; but words are more impalpable than bricks; reading is a longer and more complicated process than seeing. Perhaps the quickest way to understand the elements of what a novelist is doing is not to read, but to write; to make your own experiment with the dangers and difficulties of words. Recall, then, some event that has left a distinct impression on youhow at the corner of the street, perhaps, you passed two people talking. A tree shook; an electric light danced; the tone of the talk was Comic, but also tragic; a whole vision,an entire conception, seemed contained in that moment.

              But when you attempt to reconstruct it in words, you will find that it breaks into a thousand conflicting impressions. Some must be subdued;others emphasized; in the process you will lose, probably, all grasp upon the emotion itself. Then turn from your blurred and littered pages to the opening pages of some great novelistDefoe, Jane Austen, Hardy. Now you will be better able to appreciate their mastery. To read a novel is a difficult and complex art. You must be capable not only of great finesse of perception, but of great boldness of imagination if you are going to make use of all that the novelistthe great artist gives you.

               

              二、中譯英

              近年來,媒體關于二代現象的討論很多,諸如富二代”“官二代”“貧二代。改革開放以來,經濟體制深刻變革,原有的較為簡單的社會結構出現了很大變化,尤其是社會階層結構的分化與重新組合。如今,社會結構開始走向穩定與成熟,但同時社會成員借以改變自身地位、向上流動的機會在減少,成本在增加。二代現象可能在短時期內難以改變。不過,二代現象本身也反映出很多人喜歡給某一群體的所有人都貼上同樣的標簽,這說明當下社會的寬容程度還不夠,而這也是社會進步的一個重要衡量標準。和諧的社會是和而不同,一定社會差別的存在是整個社會進步、社會成員個體謀求自由全面發展的動力,當然,社會更應為普通社會成員留下足夠的上升渠道和發展空間。

              無錫市第十四屆英語翻譯比賽決賽

              (本科組試題參考譯文)

              一、英譯中參考譯文

              應該如何讀

              弗吉尼亞?伍爾芙

              然書是分門別類的——小說、傳記、詩歌—-我們就應該把它們分別開來,從每類書中吸取我們認為它應當給我們的東西—-這么說,本來是極其簡單的。但是很少有人向書索取它所能真正給我們的東西。最常見的是,我們拿起一本書來閱讀,而對于書的看法是模糊的,不一致的:對于小說,要求它真實;對于詩歌,要求它有虛構的東西;對于傳記,要求它是恭維的;對于歷史,要求它能應驗我們自己的偏見。假如我們在閱讀時,能排除一切這類先入之見,那將是令人羨慕的良好開端。請不要向作者發號施令,盡可能地同他一樣設身處地,成為他的同行或者伙伴。假如你退居一邊,持保留態度,一開始就進行批評,那么你就在阻礙自己從你所閱讀的東西中取得最大可能的收獲。但是假如你盡量敞開思想,那么,包含在最初幾個句子的遷回曲折之中細微到幾乎難以覺察的暗示與線索,就會把你帶到一個與別人完全不同的人的面前。你就在這方面下工夫,熟悉它,很快你就會發現作者正在把或者力圖把某種遠為明確的東西交給你。假如,我們先來探討怎樣閱讀小說,一本三十二章的小說本身就是一種試圖創造象一座建筑物似的有形式和受到制約的東西的一種嘗試。但是字句與磚瓦不同,更加觸摸不到;若拿閱讀和眼看相比,閱讀是一種更長和更為復雜的過程。也許,理解一個作家所創作出來的作品的要素的最快方法,不是去閱讀而是去寫作,親自去同語言的困難和危險打交道,作實驗。請回憶一下在你的腦子中留下明顯印象的某一事件,比如說,在馬路轉角的地方,你從兩個正在談話的人的身邊經過;一棵樹搖擺了一下;一道電燈光跳動著;談話人的口吻既是滑稽的又是悲愴的;全部景色,整個概念似乎都包含在這一剎那之中。但是,當你試圖用語言把它再組合起來時,你就會發覺它分裂成千百個互相矛盾的印象。其中某些必須予以抑制,某些則必須強調突出。在這個過程中你可能會失去對感情的全部控制。然后,放下你那幾頁模糊的、零散的文字,去翻閱某個偉大作家的作品的開始幾頁——笛福、珍恩·奧斯丁,哈代,這時你就能更好地欣賞他們的精湛技巧。閱讀一本小說是一種困難而又復雜的藝術。假如,你打算運用一個作家——一個偉大的作家向你提供的一切,你就必須不僅擁有洞察事物的高超技巧,同時還要有極其大膽的想象力。

               

              二、中譯英參考譯文

              In recent years,there are heated debates on the so-called“second generation”,including“the second rich generation”,“the second official generation”and“the second poor generation”. Since the adoption of the reform and opening-up policy in China,the economic system and the original simple social structure have witnessed great changes,especially the differentiation and reorganization of the social classes. Nowadays,the social structure tends to be stable and developed,however there are few opportunities but high cost for social members to improve their status and move to the upper part of the social ladder. Therefore, it is hard to change the phenomenon of the so-called “second-generation”in a short time. However,this term reflects that many people like to label different social classes,which indicates the insufficient social tolerance which,on the other hand,is an indicator of social progress. The existence of different classes can push the entire society to advance and the individuals to pursue their all-round free development. Society should provide channels and space for common members to develop themselves and to move to the upper part of the social ladder.

              (以上譯文僅供參考)



              無錫市第十四屆英語翻譯比賽決賽

              (??平M)

               

              一、英譯中

              On the Pressures and Politics of Waiting in Line

              The British queue up and the Americans wait in line, except for New Yorkers, who wait on line. No one seems to know the reason for this local idiom. It is something to ponder while waiting in/on line.

              Another thing to ponder: It is estimated that Americans spend up to five years of their lives in that tedious, stressful but unavoidable process known as waiting. Studies show that otherwise rational people act irrationally when forced to stand in line or wait in crowds, even becoming violent. Standing in line is not a necessary requisite to being part of a queue, as Dr. Saaty pointed out. One can be trapped on "hold" at the end of a phone line, stacked up over an airport, tied up in highway traffic, delayed in a doctors crowded waiting room.

              Queues are a grim reality of city life. While there seems to be no consensus on the city's worst line, the ones mentioned most often in talks here and there were lunchtime lines at banks and post offices and, among younger people, movie lines and college-registration lines.

              "Bank lines," said Mark Sloane, an investor. "No matter what time of day you bank, the number of tellers is inadequate to the number of patrons. Even when the bank is open you see long lines in front of the money machines outside. "

              In any line the fundamental rule is first come, first served, or what social scientists call "distributive justice." In theory, then, everyone should have an equal interest in keeping an orderly line. In practice, the interest varies depending on one's position in line. Researchers demonstrated this when they took turns barging into two kinds of lines-railroad ticket lines at Grand Central Terminal and theater ticket lines at Duffy Square.

              In both cases the strongest protests came from the immediate victims or the people directly behind the line jumpers. People farther down the line complained less or not at all, even though they had been equally penalized by losing a place.

               

              二、中譯英

              擴大內需是中國經濟社會發展的基本立足點和長期戰略方針。中國正處在工業化、域鎮化進程加快,人民收入水平提高和消費結構升級的發展階段,在轉變外貿增長方式、擴大進口、加強知識產權保護,為全球貿易和世界經濟繼續作出貢獻的同時,巨大的國內需求和廣闊的國內市場是中國經濟發展的持續動力,這就決定了中國的發展應當而且有可能實現以國內需求為主。中國保持固定資產投資以合理的規模和速度增長,發揮投資對經濟增長的推動作用。中國通過實行正確的收入分配政策和消費政策,更多地依靠國內消費需求拉動經濟增長。近年來,國內投資和消費需求均呈較快增長態勢。

              無錫市第十四屆英語翻譯比賽決賽

              (??平M試題參考譯文)

               

              一、英譯中參考譯文

              排隊的壓力與策略

              排隊,英國人說queue up, 美國人除紐約人說wait on line外, 都用wait in line。紐約人為什么要用那個地方性的說法,似乎沒人知道,這倒是可以在排隊時好好思索一番的問題。

              需要思索的還有一點:據估計,美國人一生中花費在枯燥、煩悶卻又躲避不掉的等待上的時間竟達五年之多。研究表明,如果人被迫排隊,或擠在人群中等待,本來深明事理的人也會失去理智,甚至暴跳如雷。薩提博士還指出,排隊等待并不是非站在隊里不可。打電話時可能因找受話人而難以脫身;可能會因飛機在機場上空盤旋待降而焦燥不安;可能會因公路交通阻塞欲走不成;也可能會在擁擠不堪的候診室里,耽誤許久。

              排隊是城市生活中一大嚴肅的現實難題。對于城市里什么隊最難排,人們似乎沒有一致的看法,但常常聽到人們到處談論的,莫過于午飯時間在銀行和郵局的排隊。年輕人當中,經常議論紛紛的則是買電影票和大學注冊的排隊了。

              銀行里的排隊最討厭了,投資者馬克·斯隆說。不論什么時候去銀行,接待顧客的出納員也總是不夠。即使在營業時間里,也能看到銀行外面的自動提款機跟前排著長隊。

              不管在什么地方排隊,基本原則都是先到先辦事,或者用社會學家的話說,就是公平待人”。也就是說,理論上每個人都應注意排好隊。但實際上,每個人的關注程度又因各自在隊里的位置前后而不同。研究人員輪流到中央火車站和杜菲廣場戲院的買票隊列里去加塞兒,從而證明了這一點。兩處情況表明,反對加塞兒最強烈的是在加塞者身后最近的人,因為他們是直接的受害者。站在隊里后邊的人則較少或者根本不抱怨,盡管他們前邊加了一人,也一樣地吃了虧。


              二、中譯英

               

              It is China's fundamental stand and long-term strategic guiding principle to expand domestic demand in its economic and social development. China has entered a period when the pace of industrialization and urbanization is being quickened, the people's income level is increasing and their consumption structure is being upgraded. While changing its mode of foreign trade growth,increasing imports and strengthening intellectual property protection, and continuing to make contributions to global trade and the world economy, China keeps up its driving force to maintain sustained economic development through its huge domestic demand and domestic market. This has determined that China should and most likely will mainly rely on domestic demand for its development. China will ensure that investment in fixed assets will increase at a reasonable scale and pace so as to bring into better play the role of investment in economic growth. By implementing correct income distribution and consumption policies, China is relying more on domestic demand and consumption to promote its economic development. In recent years, domestic investment and consumption needs are increasing at a rather rapid rate.

              (以上譯文僅供參考)


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